A+: Setting Up Shared Resources, File and Printer Sharing

Sharing resources with other network users requires the following steps:

A. Installing and/or enabling File and Printer sharing.
B. Selecting which drives, folders, or printers to share.
C. Setting permissions.

Windows XP uses NTFS security permissions only on NTFS-formatted drives and only if simple file sharing is disabled.

Installing File and Printer Sharing

By default, File and Printer Sharing is installed in Windows. However, if you need to add it, File and Printer Sharing can be installed through the network connection’s properties sheet. For Windows since 2000, follow this procedure:
A. Open the properties sheet.
B. Click the Install button.
C. Click the Service icon.
D. Click the Add button.
E. Select File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks and click OK.
F. Restart the computer.

Shared Folders and Drives

A shared folder or drive can be accessed by other computers on the network. Shares can be provided in two ways:
• On a client/server-based network, or a peer-to-peer network with peer servers that support user/group permissions, shares are protected by lists of authorized users or groups. Windows since 2000 support user/group access control. However, Windows XP supports user/group access control only when the default simple file sharing setting is disabled.
• A peer-to-peer network whose peer servers do not support user/group access control might only offer options for read/only or full access (as with Windows XP using its default simple file sharing setting).
When user/group-based permissions are used, only members who belong to a specific group or are listed separately on the access list for a particular share can access that share. After users log on to the network, they have access to all shares they’ve been authorized to use without the need to provide additional passwords. Access levels include full and read-only and, on NTFS drives, other access levels, such as write, create, and delete.